Tis the season for Christmas program rehearsals, decorating the sanctuary, and squeezing in time to prepare your church financials for the end of the fiscal year.
There are a few things you need to make sure you cover so your transition to the new year is a smooth one.
1. Churches need to designate the housing allowance for ministers for the upcoming year ...before this year-end.
If you already have a housing allowance set up for your minister, you need to review it, adjust it (if applicable), and get it officially approved and documented before the year-end.
2. REMIND your employees on or before January 1st that they may want to complete and sign a new 2020 W-4 (not available yet as of Nov 23, 2019 - here is a draft to see what it will look like: 2020 W-4)... if their filing status has changed due to marriage, divorce, or dependents (child turned 21, birth, adoption, etc.) ...otherwise the one you have on file is ok for the coming year.. Note: you can use the 2019 W-4 form if the 2020 is not available before you need it. There is a worksheet on the 2019 form, but a better resource is the IRS Withholding Calculator.
3. Make sure to identify if any worker should be classified as an employee. The first of the year is the best time to classify them as employees. See this article on Misclassification of Workers. Remember, if you have any doubt that your worker(s) would be classified as an Independent Contractor...it is better to error on the side of caution and classify them as an employee. Also...if you see that you have incorrectly classified a worker as an independent contractor, you can take advantage of the Voluntary Classification Settlement Program to reclassify that worker as an employee for employment tax purposes for future tax periods with partial relief from federal employment taxes.
See this page for more information on determining whether or not your minister should be considered an employee.
4. Review all payments made to service providers such as
If you paid them $600 or more collectively throughout the year and they are not a corporation, you will be required to file a 1099 and provide the independent contractor with a copy. AND...don't forget...you have to file those before Jan 31st!
The Church Accounting: How To Guide devotes a whole section of the book to payroll for churches. It covers payroll terminology and forms and then takes you through the steps necessary to set up a payroll, calculate and file the necessary taxes and forms, and even details how to handle the minister's payroll. It also includes sections on filling out IRS forms: 1099 and 1096.
If you have QuickBooks or are considering using it in the future, go ahead and purchase the QuickBooks for Churches and the How To Guide combo for a complete package on setting up and administering a payroll using QuickBooks.
1. Donors are responsible for obtaining a written acknowledgment from a charity for any single contribution of $250 or more before that donor can claim a charitable contribution deduction on his/her federal income tax return; however, not all donors know that they must obtain and keep in their files a "contemporaneous written acknowledgment" from the church or nonprofit - IRC 170(f)(8)(A) FIRST. See this article on a business that lost a $65 million charitable contribution deduction because it didn't get one before filing its taxes: $65 Million Charitable Contribution Deduction Denied by IRS Because of Failure to Meet Substantiation Requirements
In order for a donation receipt to be considered "contemporaneous" the written acknowledgment must generally be obtained by the donor no later than the date the donor files the return for the year the contribution is made.
SO...make sure your donors know this now! Put in on the bulletin board...give out handouts, use bulletin inserts, etc. and inform them NOT to file their taxes (if they are claiming charitable contribution tax deductions) BEFORE they receive their annual contribution statement. Then give them a date by which they can expect them such as Jan 31, 2019.
2. You might want to send an advance giving statement in December with their current donation balance with a request for year-end giving.
Be sure to include a return envelope or a link to your online giving webpage to make it easy for them to respond. After all, people tend to feel more generous around the holidays and will be evaluating their options for their year-end giving.
3. Donors must give their contribution checks on or by December 31st to be included in the church’s 2019 written acknowledgement of their contributions.
If it comes in the offering on or after January 1st…even if the check was backdated for 2019 …it would not be included in their 2019 annual contribution letter.
However, if comes through the mail, all checks dated AND envelopes postmarked in 2019 would be deductible for 2019 even if you received it in 2020.
4. This is also the time of year that we often give our volunteers and staff... Appreciation, Thanksgiving, Christmas, etc. gifts. If given to employees ....those gifts may be considered taxable income, so handle these carefully and note them as needed.
An exception to this rule is:
These rules also apply to volunteers...if the gift(s) totaled $600 or more in a calendar year. If so, you would report the total amount on a 1099-MISC.
See this article on Staff Gifts.
5. If you have an accountable reimbursement policy in place (AND you SHOULD definitely have one...no matter how small or big your org is!), instruct them to get all their reimbursements claims in before the year end. It is also a good time to review all reimbursements issued by your church/charity to staff, volunteers, or board members for the year.
Make sure each reimbursement is backed up by a receipt and qualifies as a nontaxable reimbursement. If you did not receive a receipt or supporting document from the recipient or if the reimbursement does not fall within your accountable reimbursement guidelines and the IRS guidelines...you will need to review it further and possibly add the amount to the recipients reported taxable income. Also, make sure you update your AR plan ...if you have amounts listed ...such as mileage rates...that need to be updated before year-end.
5. Review, update, and adopt policies and procedures such as
1. Make sure that all revenue and expenses are accounted for prior to closing the books. These transactions can include donations, other revenue, reimbursements, purchases, and payroll (taxes, retirement, flex spending, insurance).
2. Run annual reports to check for accuracy. NOTE: Aplos users...if you use WePay and have a huge balance on your Balance Sheet year-end...you have been assigning the WePay deposits incorrectly and need to fix it. See "The WePay Error" section on my Aplos page for instructions on how to fix it or hire my bookkeeping firm =)
3. Confirm your bank account balances by reconciling all your accounts (see reconciliation tips above) including your Petty Cash and PayPal accounts!
4. Confirm any fund balances that will be carried into the next year.
5. Confirm all your bank account signatories are current.
6. Prepare your budget for next year!
1. As mentioned above you’ll want to review and make any needed changes to your employees W-4 Forms. In addition to this be sure to send Contribution Statements and Form 1099 for vendors by January 31.
1. Transitioning to a new year is also the perfect time to change to a new church accounting software. If you are in need of church accounting software at a great price, try out Aplos and use the Free Church Accounting referral code: "FCA30FOR12" to get 30% off for 12 months!
They offer free support and will walk you through the process of getting setup.
However....if you need one on one help and training, my firm specializes in setting up accounting systems for churches and small nonprofits. See this page for more details on church accounting services.
1. If your payroll service is holding FICA out for your minister...it is incorrect. Many churches believe that holding out social security and medicare taxes on a minister's paycheck is a choice. It is not. The IRS is very clear that ministers have a dual status with them and withholding and matching FICA is unacceptable.
"When it comes to paying employees, laws and the IRS have made the
payroll function a time consuming nightmare for churches, nonprofit
organizations, and small businesses alike.
This especially holds
true with many churches and nonprofit organizations that rely on
volunteer or nonaccountant staff to handle their payroll. Many believe
that because they use a payroll service or software they are compliant.
However, church payroll and the tax issues that surround them should be done by church experts, not by the everyday payroll services that do not understand church compensation issues like the pastoral housing allowance and how to handle minister's special tax requirements.
Vickey's Bookkeeping specializes in payroll for churches and nonprofits. If you would like more information on my payroll service or any other one of my accounting services...fill out my "Getting to Know You" form (hosted on 17 Hats) to indicate the services you would like to chat about and I will contact you as soon as possible.